Our website is made possible by displaying online advertisements to our visitors.
Please consider supporting us by disabling your ad blocker.

@YisroelKatz posted on Wed Dec 16, 238 days ago

Report this


בס"ד
RAV ACHA BAR RAV HUNA CHALLENGED THE BARAISA, ONE WHO GUARDS THE RED COW FROM THE TIME OF ITS SLAUGHTER UNTIL ITS ASHES ARE GATHERED CONTAMINATES WITH TUMAH THE CLOTHES HE IS WEARING AT THE TIME. NOW, IF YOU SAY THAT GUARDING THE RED COW IS NOT LIKE DOING ACTUAL WORK THEN WHY DOES HE CONTAMINATE HIS CLOTHES (GUARDING THE RED COW)! RABBAH BAR ULLA SAID, IT IS A RABBINIC DECREE ENACTED OUT OF CONCERN THAT HE MIGHT UNKNOWINGLY MOVE ONE OF [THE RED COW'S] LIMBS.

מתיב רב אחא בר רב הונא המשמר את הפרה מטמא בגדים ואי אמרת משמר לאו כעושה מעשה דמי אמאי מטמא בגדים אמר רבה בר עולא גזירה שמא יזיז בה אבר

[THE RED COW (RED HEIFER) פרה אדמה (PARAH ADUMAH) WAS SLAUGHTERED AND BURNED AND ITS ASHES WERE USED TO PURIFY THOSE WHO HAD BECOME CONTAMINATED WITH CORPSE TUMAH (NUMBERS (BAMIDBAR) 19 במדבר יט)].
THE MISHNAH (PARAH 4:4 פרה ד ד) STATES THAT ALL WHO ARE ENGAGED IN THE PREPARATION OF THE ASHES OF THE RED COW CONTRACT TUMAH TO THE DEGREE THAT THE CLOTHES THEY ARE WEARING OR TOUCHING AT THE TIME BECOME TAMEI AS WELL.
[THIS APPLIES EVEN IF THE PREPARER DID NOT COME INTO PHYSICAL CONTACT WITH THE RED COW - E.G. HE SIMPLY THREW THE REQUIRED CEDAR WOOD OR HYSSOP GRASS INTO THE BURNING OF THE RED COW

ולקח הכהן עץ ארז ואזוב ושני תולעת והשליך אל תוך שרפת הפרה
במדבר יט ו

AND THE COHEN SHALL TAKE CEDAR-WOOD, AND HYSSOP, AND SCARLET, AND CAST IT INTO THE MIDST OF THE BURNING OF THE (PARAH ADUMAH) RED (HEIFER) COW.
NUMBERS (BAMIDBAR) 19:6]
THE BARAISA CITED HERE BY THE GEMARA EQUATES THE ONE WHO GUARDS THE ASHES WITH THOSE ENGAGED IN ITS ACTUAL PREPARATION, AND RULES THAT HE, TOO, CONTRACTS TUMAH TO THE DEGREE HES CLOTHES ARE TAMEI AS WELL.
[THE ASSUMPTION IS THAT THE BIBLICAL CRITERION FOR (ACTUAL) "WORK" IS THE SAME FOR BOTH CONTEXTS - THAT OF WORKING WITH PRODUCE AND THAT OF WORKING WITH THE RED COW.]
INDEED, THE ONE WHO GUARDS THE RED COW DOES NOT CONTRACT TUMAH ON THE BIBLICAL LEVEL, SINCE HE IS NOT ACTUALLY WORKING WITH THE RED COW. THE BARAISA'S RULING THAT HE DOES CONTRACT TUMAH SIMPLY BY GUARDING THE RED COW REFLECTS A RABBINIC DECREE ENACTED OUT OF CONCERN THAT HE MIGHT UNWITTINGLY MOVE ONE OF THE RED COW'S LIMBS AND THEREBY CONTRACT TUMAH.
רש"י RASHI
[APPARENTLY, THE GEMARA MEANS THAT IF THE WATCHMAN MOVES ONE OF THE RED COW'S LIMBS FOR A PURPOSE RELATED TO HIS WATCHING, THEN HE IS CONSIDERED TO BE (ACTUALLY) WORKING WITH IT EVEN ACCORDING TO שמואל SHMUEL, AND HE CONTRACTS TUMAH BY VIRTUE OF (ACTUALLY) "WORKING" WITH THE RED COW.]
BAVA METZIA 93
DAF YOMI
בבא מציעא צג
דף יומי

Feeling kind?

Buy Me A Coffee at Ko-Fi.com